Task runner

⚠️ deno task was introduced in Deno v1.20 and is unstable. It may drastically change in the future.

deno task provides a cross platform way to define and execute custom commands specific to a codebase.

To get started, define your commands in your codebase's Deno configuration file under a "tasks" key.

For example:

  "tasks": {
    "data": "deno task collect && deno task analyze",
    "collect": "deno run --allow-read=. --allow-write=. scripts/collect.js",
    "analyze": "deno run --allow-read=. scripts/analyze.js"

Listing tasks

To get an output showing all the defined tasks, run:

deno task

Executing a task

To execute a specific task, run:

deno task task-name [additional args]...

In the example above, to run the data task we would do:

deno task data

Specifying the current working directory

By default, deno task executes commands with the directory of the Deno configuration file (ex. deno.json) as the current working directory. This allows tasks to use relative paths and continue to work regardless of where in the directory tree you happen to execute the deno task from. In some scenarios, this may not be desired and this behavior can be overridden by providing a --cwd <path> flag.

For example, given a task called wasmbuild in a deno.json file:

# use the sub directory project1 as the cwd for the task
deno task --cwd project1 wasmbuild
# use the cwd (project2) as the cwd for the task
cd project2 && deno task --cwd . wasmbuild

Note: Be sure to provide this flag before the task name.


deno task uses a cross platform shell that's a subset of sh/bash to execute defined tasks.

Boolean lists

Boolean lists provide a way to execute additional commands based on the exit code of the initial command. They separate commands using the && and || operators.

The && operator provides a way to execute a command and if it succeeds (has an exit code of 0) it will execute the next command:

deno run --allow-read=. --allow-write=. collect.ts && deno run --allow-read=. analyze.ts

The || operator is the opposite. It provides a way to execute a command and only if it fails (has a non-zero exit code) it will execute the next command:

deno run --allow-read=. --allow-write=. collect.ts || deno run play_sad_music.ts

Sequential lists

Sequential lists are similar to boolean lists, but execute regardless of whether the previous command in the list passed or failed. Commands are separated with a semi-colon (;).

deno run output_data.ts ; deno run --allow-net server/main.ts

Async commands

Async commands provide a way to make a command execute asynchronously. This can be useful when starting multiple processes. To make a command asynchronous, add an & to the end of it. For example the following would execute sleep 1 && deno run --allow-net client/main.ts and deno run --allow-net server/main.ts at the same time:

sleep 1 && deno run --allow-net client/main.ts & deno run --allow-net server/main.ts

Environment variables

Environment variables are defined like the following:

export VAR_NAME=value

Here's an example of using one in a task with shell variable substitution and then with it being exported as part of the environment of the spawned Deno process (note that in the JSON configuration file the double quotes would need to be escaped with backslashes):

export VAR=hello && echo $VAR && deno eval "console.log('Deno: ' + Deno.env.get('VAR'))"

Would output:

Deno: hello

Setting environment variables for a command

To specify environment variable(s) before a command, list them like so:

VAR=hello VAR2=bye deno run main.ts

This will use those environment variables specifically for the following command.

Shell variables

Shell variables are similar to environment variables, but won't be exported to spawned commands. They are defined with the following syntax:


If we use a shell variable instead of an environment variable in a similar example to what's shown in the previous "Environment variables" section:

VAR=hello && echo $VAR && deno eval "console.log('Deno: ' + Deno.env.get('VAR'))"

We will get the following output:

Deno: undefined

Shell variables can be useful when we want to re-use a value, but don't want it available in any spawned processes.


Pipelines provide a way to pipe the output of one command to another.

The following command pipes the stdout output "Hello" to the stdin of the spawned Deno process:

echo Hello | deno run main.ts

To pipe stdout and stderr, use |& instead:

deno eval 'console.log(1); console.error(2);' |& deno run main.ts

Command substitution

The $(command) syntax provides a way to use the output of a command in other commands that get executed.

For example, to provide the output of getting the latest git revision to another command you could do the following:

deno run main.ts $(git rev-parse HEAD)

Another example using a shell variable:

REV=$(git rev-parse HEAD) && deno run main.ts $REV && echo $REV

Negate exit code

To negate the exit code, add an exclamation point and space before a command:

# change the exit code from 1 to 0
! deno eval 'Deno.exit(1);'


Redirects provide a way to pipe stdout and/or stderr to a file.

For example, the following redirects stdout of deno run main.ts to a file called file.txt on the file system:

deno run main.ts > file.txt

To instead redirect stderr, use 2>:

deno run main.ts 2> file.txt

To redirect both stdout and stderr, use &>:

deno run main.ts &> file.txt

To append to a file, instead of overwriting an existing one, use two right angle brackets instead of one:

deno run main.ts >> file.txt

Suppressing either stdout, stderr, or both of a command is possible by redirecting to /dev/null. This works in a cross platform way including on Windows.

# suppress stdout
deno run main.ts > /dev/null
# suppress stderr
deno run main.ts 2> /dev/null
# suppress both stdout and stderr
deno run main.ts &> /dev/null

Note that redirecting input and multiple redirects are currently not supported.

Future syntax

We are planning to support glob expansion in the future.

Built-in commands

deno task ships with several built-in commands that work the same out of the box on Windows, Mac, and Linux.

If you find a useful flag missing on a command or have any suggestions for additional commands that should be supported out of the box, then please open an issue on the deno_task_shell repo.

Note that if you wish to execute any of these commands in a non-cross platform way on Mac or Linux, then you may do so by running it through sh: sh -c <command> (ex. sh -c cp source destination).